February 1555 A.D. John
Rogers, Reformed Church of England, Burned at Stake by Anglo-Spanish Demons
John Rogers burned to death at a stake at
Smithfield, England on this Monday morning, February 4,1555.
Among the onlookers who encouraged him were his own children. What monstrous
crime had earned him this cruel death?
Born about 1500, Rogers was
educated at Cambridge. He became a
Catholic priest and accepted a position in the church at the time that the
Protestant Reformation was in full swing. His conscience told him that certain
teachings of his established Church were wrong and he resigned, moving to
Antwerp, Holland, where he ministered to English merchants.
In Holland, he became friends
with William Tyndale, a reformer who was translating the Bible into English.
Tyndale converted Rogers to Protestant views and Rogers married. Nine months
later, Tyndale went to prison; he would be executed as a heretic. But Tyndale
left a precious manuscript in John Rogers's keeping. This was his English
translation of the books from Joshua to Chronicles which had not yet been
Rogers was determined to see
that Tyndale's valuable work was not lost. For the next twelve months he
labored to put together a complete Bible. Its text was based on Tyndale and
Coverdale, and its two thousand notes were borrowed from the writings of dozens
of different reformers who were active on the Continent.
Tyndale had been declared a
heretic, and his name could not go on the Bible. Rogers could not honestly
claim the work as his own, and so he used a pseudonym--Thomas Matthews. When
Bishop Cranmer saw a copy of the new Bible, he was so excited that he asked
Chancellor Thomas Cromwell to see if the king would license it. Henry VIII did,
and the Matthew Bible became the first officially authorized version in the
After sickly Edward VI became
king of England, John Rogers returned from the continent, fetching his wife to
England. He was given high positions in the Church of England. Regretably, he
was one of those who agreed to burn poor, insane Joan of Kent to death (some of
her claims were blasphemous). He was urged to show her mercy because some day
he might need it himself, but did not listen.
Edward VI died. Mary, a Roman
Catholic, became queen. John Rogers preached a stirring message, urging his
congregation to remain loyal to Reformation principles. Mary's Catholic bishops
questioned him about this sermon, but he answered well and was released.
However, when a Catholic was
appointed to speak at Paul's Cross, churchgoers rioted. The Mayor was present
and could not restore order. The mob attacked Bishop Bonner, an eminent
supporter of Queen Mary. Rogers shouted to the crowd to calm down and helped
hustle Bonner to safety. Although no harm was done, the Queen's council was
upset. They instructed the Mayor to prove he could keep order, or said he must
give up his office. The Mayor arrested Rogers, the one who had saved Bonner's
life. Rogers spent over a year in prison, questioned several times about his
beliefs by Lord Chancellor Stephen Gardiner.
According to Foxe's Book
of Martyrs, when the sentence of death was passed, Rogers begged
Gardiner to let him speak a few words to his wife. Gardiner refused, telling
Rogers he was not legally married because he had once been a priest. However,
as Rogers walked to the stake, singing psalms, he saw his wife at the roadside,
holding their youngest baby, whom he had never met.
At the stake, Rogers was offered
a pardon if only he would recant his beliefs and return to the Catholic church.
He refused. The fire was lit and Rogers washed his hands in the flames as
though he did not feel them. He was the first of many martyrs in Mary's reign.
Chester, Joseph Lemuel. John Rogers; the compiler of the
first authorized English Bible... London: Longman, Green, Longman
and Roberts, 1861. Source of the image.
Foxe, John. Foxe's Book of Martyrs. Various
Loane, Marcus L. Pioneers of the Reformation in England.
London: Church Book Room, 1964.
"Rogers, John." Dictionary of
National Biography. Edited by Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee.
London: Oxford University Press, 1921 - 1996.
Last updated May,
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