Reformed Churchmen

We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at:

Sunday, September 30, 2012

Greece in the Late Roman Period

Greece in the Late Roman Period
By Maria Louise van Kleef
Master’s Thesis, University of Leiden, 2010
Abstract: This thesis is on Greece in Late Antiquity. There is much attention for Roman Greece, but mostly, this attention goes to the periods of the Late Republic and the Early Empire. The period of Late Roman Greece is less discussed. This thesis gives an overview on the historical background of the Late Roman period, it gives an overview of the archeaological data that have been found for all Roman periods in four major Greek cities Argos, Athens, Thessaloniki and Corinth and an overview of the most well-known surveys in Greece. By combining all these information this thesis decribes the situation of Late Roman Greece. What effects had the events in the Late Roman Empire on the people living in the Greek cities? And what on the people living in the countryside? What effects had the situation in the Greek cities on the countryside, and vice versa?
Excerpt: From their incorporation into the Roman Empire, the Greek mainland and the Peloponnese played an important role in many respects. Macedonia and southern Greece were combined in a senatorial province until in 27 BC Augustus separated the province Achaea from Macedonia. Both remained senatorial provinces, although some poleis, like Athens and Sparta, maintained a partial independence and avoided taxation. The Greeks were not always very pleased with their Roman rulers. In 88 BC Mithridates of Pontus started a campaign against Rome and he won the support of many Greek poleis. Mithridates was driven out of Greece by the legions of Sulla, the revolt was suppressed and the rebel poleis were plundered. Especially Athens and Thebes were severely punished. Sulla took with him many works of arts from Greece to Rome.
The Roman emperors were generally philhellenic and they contributed many new buildings to the Greek cities. Also other prominent Romans and Roman colonists adorned the cities with their building activity. The Greek art and culture influenced the Roman: authors like Virgil were inspired by the Greek epics of Homer, works of art were taken from Greece to Rome, where they were copied by Roman artisans, many Roman elites spoke Greek.

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