Reformed Churchmen

We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at:

Monday, November 10, 2014

10 November 1241 A.D. Celestine IV (Gofredo Castiglioni) Dies—Rome’s 179th; 15 Days in Office; Height of Papal Conflicts with Emperor Frederick II

10 November 1241 A.D.  Celestine IV (Gofredo Castiglioni) Dies—Rome’s 179th;  15 Days in Office;  Height of Papal Conflicts with Emperor Frederick II

Shahan, Thomas. "Pope Celestine IV." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 3. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908.  Accessed 11 Sept 2014.

Celestine IV


A native of Milan, nephew of Urban III, and probably a Cistercian; died 10 November, 1241. He was madecardinal by Gregory IX and succeeded him, 25 October, 1241, at the height of the papal warfare with Emperor Frederick II. He died after a reign of fifteen days.


LABBE AND COSSART, Coll. Conc., XXIII, 1463; ARGELATI, Biblioth. Mediolanensis (1745), I, 1, 440; POTTHAST, Reg. Rom. Pont. (1874), I, 940.

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