Reformed Churchmen

We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at:

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

25 November 1185 A.D. Mr. Lucius (Ubaldo Allucingoli) Dies—Rome’s 171st

25 November 1185 A.D.  Mr. Lucius (Ubaldo Allucingoli) Dies—Rome’s 171st;  Legate to France & Sicily; Bp. of Ostia; Forced from Rome; Resides at Verona;  Consecrated Bologna Cathedral; Directed Severe Measures Against Waldensians & Cathari

Ott, Michael. "Pope Lucius III." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910.  Accessed 10 Sept 2014.

Mr. Lucius III

(Ubaldo Allucingoli)

Born at Lucca, unknown date; died at Verona, 25 Notaember, 1185. Innocent II created him Cardinal-Priest of Santa Prassede on 23 February, 1141, and afterwards sent him as legate to France. Under Eugene III he was sent as legate to Sicily and on 1 January, 1159, he became Bishop of Ostia and Velletri. In 1177 he was commissioned by Alexander III to take part in the famous peace congress of Venice, where an amicable settlement was reached between Alexander III and Emperor Frederick I. Hereupon he was appointed a member of the court of arbitration which was instituted to investigate the validity of the donation of Countess Matilda, but which arrived at no definite conclusion. On 1 September, 1181, a day after the death of Alexander III, he waselected pope at Velletri where he was also crowned on the following Sunday, 6 September. In the beginning of November he came to Rome, but there the revolutionary party soon became so incensed against him because he refused to grant them certain privileges which his predecessors had granted, that he was compelled to leaveRome in the middle of March, 1182. He went to Velletri where he received the ambassadors whom King William ofScotland had sent to obtain absolution from the ban which he had incurred under Alexander III. He freed the king from all ecclesiastical censures and as a sign of good will sent him the Golden Rose on 17 March, 1183. FromVelletri the pope proceeded to Segni where on 5 September, 1183, he canonized St. Bruno, who had been bishopof that place. He again returned to Rome endeavouring to put an end to the continual intestine dissensions of theRomans, but they made life so unbearable to him that he left the city a second time.

After spending a short time in Southern Italy Lucius III went to Bologna where he consecrated the cathedral on 8 July, 1184. The remainder of his pontificate he spent at Verona, where, with the cooperation of Emperor Frederick I, he convened a synod from October to November, 1184, at which severe measures were taken against the prevalent heresies of those days, especially against the Cathari, the Waldenses, and the Arnoldists. At this synodthe emperor promised to make preparations for a crusade to the Holy Land. Though the relations between Lucius III and Emperor Frederick I were not openly hostile, still they were always strained. When after the death ofBishop Arnold of Trier a double election ensued, the pope firmly refused to give his approbation to Volkmar, the candidate of the minority, although the emperor had already invested him at Constance. Neither did Lucius III yield to the emperor who demanded that the German bishops, unlawfully appointed by the antipopes during the pontificate of Alexander III, should be reconsecrated and retain their sees. He also refused to grant Frederick'srequest to crown his son Henry IV emperor. On the other hand, Frederick would not acknowledge the validity of the Matildan donations to the Holy See, and did not assist Lucius against the Roman barons. The letters anddecrees of Lucius III are printed in P.L., CCI, 1071-1376.


JAFFE, Regesta pontificum Romanorum (Leipzig, 1885-8); Liber Pontificalis, ed. DUCHESNE, II (Paris, 1886-92), 450; WATTERICH, Pontificum Romanorum vitae, II (Leipzig, 1862), 650-62; PIGHI, Centenario di Lucio III e Urbano III in Verona (Verona, 1886); GRISAR in Kirchenlex; SCHEFFER-BOICHORST, Kaiser Friedrichs letzer Streit mit der Kurie (1866); GREGOROVIUS, Gesch. der Stadt Rom im Mittelalter (Stuttgart, 1859-72); VON REUMONT, Gesch. der Stadt Rom (Berlin, 1867-70).

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