Reformed Churchmen

We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at:

Wednesday, November 19, 2014

19 November 1190 A.D. Baldwin of Exeter—42nd of 105 Archbishops of Canterbury

19 November 1190 A.D.  Baldwin of Exeter—42nd of 105 Archbishops of Canterbury

Bevans,  G. M. “Baldwin of Exeter (Died 1190).”  N.d.  Accessed 7 May 2014.

Bevans,  Portraits of the Archbishops of Canterbury. Toronto, ONT:  University of Toronto Libraries, 2011. Available here:

Baldwin of Exeter
(Died 1190)

Abbot of Ford
Bishop of Worcester
Archbishop of Canterbury
Died: 1190

Baldwin was born in Exeter in Devon. He was appointed Archdeacon of that city by the Bishop of Exeter, but resigned the office and entered the Cistercian Abbey at Ford, of which he became Abbot. In 1180, he was made Bishop of Worcester and translated to Canterbury in 1185.

His pontificate was marked by a contest with the monks of Christ Church, Canterbury which is of lasting interest. It led to the establishment of the residence of the Archbishops of Canterbury at Lambeth, in the face of Papal opposition exerted through the agency of the monks of Christ Church. The contest arose, not only from the monks' resentment of the stricter control which Baldwin endeavoured to exercise over them, but from the claim which they put forward to a right in the election of the Metropolitan himself, on the ground that when the Archbishop was also Prior of the Monastery, the election always lay with them. To escape from this interference, Baldwin formed the project of erecting a College of Secular Canons at Hackington, near Canterbury. This project was frustrated by a Papal order but Baldwin obtained a site at Lambeth, where he commenced the building of his College instead. The unfinished building was destroyed after his death - vacante sede - through the influence of the monks of Canterbury. A subsequent College, erected on additional ground purchased by exchange from the Cathedral body of Rochester by his successor, Hubert Walter, shared the same fate. The latter did, however, succeed in fixing his own residence on the same ground, close to the centre of the nation's life at Westminster. It has been the home of the Archbishops ever since.

In 1190, Baldwin, having preached in Wales on behalf of the Crusade, set out for the Holy Land, where he died soon afterward.

Edited from G.M. Bevan's "Portraits of the Archbishops of Canterbury" (1908).

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