- What circumstances justify resisting the government?
- What biblical warrant is there for war?
- As for the English-Scottish Civil War, which side would you have supported?
- Was this essentially political?
- To what degree was theology involved?
- To what degree was Billygoat Laud involved?
- Why did Billygoat Laud think the Scottish Presbyterians were inadequate? We they?
- Should the Civil Magistrate, in this case a King, be the “Head,” “Governor,” or “King” of the Church? Why does England still retain this? Why haven’t they reformed this?
1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)
- Romans 13:1 Now he showeth severally, what subjects owe to their Magistrates, to wit, obedience: From which he showeth that no man is free: and in such sort that it is not only due to the highest Magistrate himself, but also even to the basest, which hath any office under him.
- Romans 13:1 Yea, though an Apostle, though an Evangelist, though a Prophet: Chrysostom. Therefore the tyranny of the Pope over all kingdoms must down to the ground.
- Romans 13:1 A reason taken of the nature of the thing itself: For to what purpose are they placed in higher degree, but that the inferior should be subject unto them?
- Romans 13:1 Another argument of great force: Because God is author of this order: so that such as are rebels ought to know, that they make war with God himself: wherefore they cannot but purchase to themselves great misery and calamity.
- Romans 13:1 Be distributed: for some are greater, some smaller.
- Romans 13:3 The third argument taken from the end wherefore they were made, which is most profitable: for that God by this means preserveth the good and bridleth the wicked: by which words the Magistrates themselves are put in mind of that duty which they owe to their subjects.
- Romans 13:3 An excellent way to bear this yoke, not only without grief, but also with great profit.
- Romans 13:4 God hath armed the Magistrate even with a revenging sword.
- Romans 13:4 By whom God revengeth the wicked.
- Romans 13:5 The conclusion: We must obey the magistrate, not only for fear of punishment, but much more because that (although the Magistrate have no power over the conscience of man, yet seeing he is God’s minister) he cannot be resisteth by any good conscience.
- Romans 13:5 So far as lawfully we may: for if unlawful things be commanded us, we must answer as Peter teacheth us, It is better to obey God than men.
- Romans 13:6 He reckoneth up the chiefest things wherein consisteth the obedience of subjects.
- Romans 13:7 Obedience, and that from the heart.
- Romans 13:7 Reverence, (which as reason is) we must give to the Magistrate.SourcesCharley, J.W. “Charles I (1600-1649).” NIDCC. 212.D’Aubigne, J.H. Merle. The Protector: A Vindication. Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle, 1997.Hope, N.V. “Charles I (1600-1649).” WWCH. 152-3.Sanderson, Edgar. History of England and the British Empire. London: Warne, 1893.