Charles Thomas Longley (28 July 1794 – 27 October 1868) was a bishop in the Church of England. He served as Bishop of Ripon, Bishop of Durham, Archbishop of York and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1862 until his death.
He was born at Rochester, the fifth son of the late John Longley, Recorder of Rochester, and educated at Westminster School and the University of Oxford. He was ordained in 1818, and was appointed vicar of Cowley, Oxford, in 1823. In 1827, he received the rectory of West Tytherley, Hampshire, and two years later he was elected headmaster of Harrow School. He held this office until 1836, when he was consecrated bishop of the new see of Ripon. In 1856 he became Bishop of Durham, and in 1860 he became Archbishop of York.
In 1862, he succeeded John Sumner as Archbishop of Canterbury. Soon afterwards the questions connected with the deposition of Bishop John William Colenso were referred to Longley but, while regarding Colenso's opinions as heretical and his deposition as justifiable, he refused to pronounce upon the legal difficulties of the case.
The chief event of his primacy was the meeting at Lambeth, in 1867, of the first Pan-Anglican conference of British, colonial and foreign bishops. His published works included numerous sermons and addresses. He died at Addington Park, near Croydon.
Like Sumner, he was a member of the Canterbury Association from 27 March 1848.
As Headmaster of Harrow School, he married 15 December 1831 Caroline Sophia Parnell, whose brother Hon and Rev George Damer Parnell MA was the curate of Ash 1859–1861. Miss Parnell was the daughter of Sir Henry Brooke Parnell 4th Baronet, cr. (1841) first Baron Congleton by his wife Lady Caroline Elizabeth Dawson, the eldest daughter of John, first Earl of Portarlington. They had several children, three sons and three daughters, of whom
1. Sir Henry Longley, KCB (28 November 1833 – 25 December 1899), served as Chief Charity Commissioner for the British government. He married 17 September 1861 Diana Eliza Davenport (fl. 1905), daughter of John Davenport of Foxley, Herefordshire. 1.1. John Augustine Longley, served as assistant private secretary to the Lord Privy Seal and married 26 May 1898 Lady Louisa Katherine Scott, daughter of the 3rd Earl of Eldon. There was no issue listed for the marriage, nor a birthdate for John Augustine Longley.
Two younger sons died apparently unmarried.
4. Mary Henrietta Longley married 9 December 1858 the Hon. Rev. George Winfield Bourke (d. 9 October 1903), Honorary Chaplain to the Monarch, and son of Robert Bourke, 5th Earl of Mayo. Their only child Walter Longley Bourke (b. 28 November 1859; d. 1939) became the 8th Earl of Mayo); from 1891 to 1903, he was a Trustee of the Bridgewater Estates. He had married in 1887, and had issue, four sons and two daughters, by 1905. The second son Ulick Henry Bourke (1890–1962) became 9th Earl of Mayo, and third son Hon Bryan Longley Bourke (1897–1961) was father of the 10th Earl of Mayo (1929–2006), father of the present Earl.
5. Caroline Georgina Longley (d. 30 October 1867) married 6 November 1862 (as his 1st wife) Major Edward Levett (18 December 1832 – 28 December 1899), 10th Royal Hussars, of Wychnor Park and Packington Hall, Staffordshire, third son of John Levett and his wife Sophia Kennedy, granddaughter of Archibald Kennedy, 11th Earl of Cassilis. They had issue 2 daughters, both of whom married and had issue
6. Rosamond Esther Harriett Longley (d. 1936) married 1870 Hon. Cecil Thomas Parker (1845–1931), 2nd son of the 6th Earl of Macclesfield by his 2nd wife Lady Mary Frances Grosvenor, a sister of the 1st Duke of Westminster, and had issue 4 sons and 2 daus. Their elder daughter Caroline Beatrix Parker, later Viscountess Bridgeman DBE (1875–1861) married 1895 William Clive Bridgeman, who became The Rt. Hon. 1st Viscount Bridgeman, of Leigh, Shropshire in 1929, PC (1864–1935), only child of Rev. Hon. John Orlando Bridgeman, Rector of Weston-under-Lizard (himself 3rd and youngest son of George Bridgeman, 2nd Earl of Bradford) by his wife Marianne Caroline Clive, daughter of Ven. William Clive, and left issue, including the present Viscount. The fourth and youngest son Wilfrid Parker (1883–1966) became the Rt.Rev. Hon. Bishop of Pretoria, South Africa. A granddaughter (by the 3rd son Geoffrey) Isolda Rosamond Parker (1918–?) married 1940 David Bertram Pollock, 2nd Viscount Hanworth (1916–1996) and is mother of the present peer.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- "Obituary: Charles Thomas Longley, D.D., Archbishop of Canterbury" The New York Times, 29 October 1868, p. 4, (citation only)