Reformed Churchmen

We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at:

Thursday, November 6, 2014

November 716 A.D.—Present. Westbury Priory and Holy Trinity Church, Westbury on Trym, Bristol; John Wycliffe a Canon from 1362-1384; Upon Dissolution in Henry VIII’s Day, Became a Parish Church

November 716 A.D.—Present.  Westbury Priory and Holy Trinity Church, Westbury on Trym, Bristol;  John Wycliffe a Canon from 1362-1384;  Upon Dissolution in Henry VIII’s Day, Became a Parish Church


Saxon minster, a college of secular priests founded in 716 A.D.  Granted to Worcester in 824 A.D.  Probably destroyed in 9th century Danish raids.   Refounded c. 963-964 by Bishop Oswald.   The parochial parish, Holy Trinity Church, Westbury on Trym, was built on the site.

Holy Trinity Church, Westbury on Trym

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Holy Trinity Church
061203 ukbris wotch 01.jpg
The church tower.
Holy Trinity Church, Westbury on Trym is located in Bristol
Holy Trinity Church, Westbury on Trym
Shown within Bristol
Basic information
Bristol, England
Architectural description
15th century

Holy Trinity Church (grid reference ST564770) is a Church of England parish church in Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, England.

The first church on the site was established in the 8th century. In the 10th century a Benedictine priory was founded. Construction of the present building began in the early 13th century and it has been rebuilt several times since. It has been designated by English Heritage as a grade I listed building.[1]

From the late 12th century to the middle of the 16th century it was the collegiate church for Westbury College; of the latter, little more than the college gatehouse remains.[2] The church contains the tomb of John Carpenter, Bishop of Worcester, who had planned to make it a joint cathedral for the Worcester diocese.[2]



Early years

The date the first church was founded has traditionally been put at 716–17; the historical record does show two foundations at this date, but these were actually at Yate and Bredon.[3] Nevertheless a church did exist by the end of the 8th century, as King Offa founded a minster on the site between 793 and 796.[3]

The minster became a Benedictine priory around 963–64.[4] It was the first reformation of a minster by Bishop Oswald of Worcester, in his introduction of the Rule of Saint Benedict into the diocese.[5] He brought the English monk Germanus from Fleury Abbey as the new Prior. However Oswald soon decided to move the community to Ramsey, after he acquired land in 966 for the foundation of Ramsey Abbey.[4] The priory buildings eventually fell into disrepair. Around 1093 Bishop Wulfstan reacquired the dilapidated priory and rebuilt it as a monastery under the control of the Worcester diocese.[6]

Collegiate church

Holy Trinity Church in 1882

Over the next century, there were successive evictions as monks and secular priests alternated in possession of the monastery;[6] this was finally resolved in favour of the secular priests when the church become collegiate around 1194.[1] The canons of Westbury College were each supported by revenues from one of the areas around Westbury on Trym, including Aust, Henbury and Lawrence Weston.[7]

The great reformist John Wycliffe was a canon from 1362 until his death in 1384, although in 1367 he was accused of neglecting his duties as prebendary of Aust due to his long absence.[7] The prominent Bristol merchant William Canynge was dean of the college from 1469 until his death in 1474.[8]

In 1544, with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the church became a parish church within the new Bristol diocese, and the residential buildings of Westbury College passed into the hands of Sir Ralph Sadler.[5][9]


The present building all dates to after 1194. The nave and aisles are early 13th century, in the Early English style. The remainder of the church is in the Perpendicular style.[1]

The nave clerestory, chancel, choir and north chapel are the result of extensive rebuilding by Bishop Carpenter in the middle of the 15th century. The chancel has a polygonal apse, which is rare for the late Gothic period. The church tower, although also from this period, was restored in the middle of the 19th century.[2] The reredos, which depicts the Last Supper, is also 19th century.[1]


Although Bishop Carpenter's plan to make the church a joint cathedral with Worcester did not come to fruition, it was he who rededicated the church to the Holy Trinity.[10] On his death in 1476 he was buried in the crypt underneath the altar. The stone cadaver from his cadaver tomb is in the chancel, with a Purbeck marble canopy donated in 1853 by Oriel College, Oxford, where he had been Provost.[2]


The churchyard contains war graves of a soldier and officer of the Gloucestershire Regiment and a Royal Flying Corps officer of World War I.[11]

See also


1.      ^ Jump up to:a b c d "Church of the Holy Trinity". Images of England. Retrieved 2010-07-24.

2.      ^ Jump up to:a b c d Little, Bryan (1978). Churches in Bristol, p. 32. Redcliffe Press, Bristol. ISBN 0-905459-06-7.

3.      ^ Jump up to:a b Sivier, David (2002). Anglo-Saxon and Norman Bristol, p. 26. Tempus, Stroud, Gloucestershire. ISBN 0-7524-2533-1.

4.      ^ Jump up to:a b Sivier, David (2002). Anglo-Saxon and Norman Bristol, p. 28. Tempus, Stroud, Gloucestershire. ISBN 0-7524-2533-1.

5.      ^ Jump up to:a b "Westbury Minster". PastScape. Retrieved 2010-07-27.

6.      ^ Jump up to:a b Sivier, David (2002). Anglo-Saxon and Norman Bristol, p. 77. Tempus, Stroud, Gloucestershire. ISBN 0-7524-2533-1.

7.      ^ Jump up to:a b Orme, Nicholas (2010). "John Wycliffe and the Prebend of Aust", Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 61 (1): 144-152.

8.      Jump up^ Little, Bryan and Sansom, John (1999). The Story of Bristol from the Middle Ages to Today, p. 15. Redcliffe Press, Bristol. ISBN 1-900178-56-7.

9.      Jump up^ "Westbury College". PastScape. Retrieved 2010-07-27.

11. Jump up^ [1] CWGC Cemetery Report, details from casualty record.

External links

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