Reformed Churchmen

We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at:

Sunday, August 3, 2014

3 August 1231 A.D. Robert le Grant Died—45th of 105 Archbishops of Canterbury

3 August 1231 A.D. Robert le Grant Died—45th of 105 Archbishops of Canterbury

Richard le Grant (also known as Richard Grant or Richard Wethershed) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1229 to 1231.


Grant was a native of Nazeing, Essex and had a brother and sister whom he provided for after he became archbishop.[1] He was chancellor of the see of Lincoln when Henry III nominated him to be Archbishop of Canterbury in opposition to Walter d'Eynsham in 1229.[2] He had been chancellor of Lincoln since at least 16 December 1220, when he first occurs in documents in that office.[3] He was also a distinguished writer.[4] and teacher.[1]

Grant was provided to the see of Canterbury on 19 January 1229 by Pope Gregory IX,[2] and received the temporalities of the see probably on 24 March 1231. He was consecrated on 10 June 1229.[5] He was recommended for the see by Alexander de Stavenby, the Bishop of Coventry, and Henry Sandford, the Bishop of Rochester, who wrote to the pope on Richard's behalf.[1] On 26 January 1231, at a council at Westminster Grant, along with other bishops, objected to Henry III's earlier demand of a second scutage payment.[2] Grant found himself in conflict with Hubert de Burgh, the Justiciar, over the wardship of the de Clare estates at Towbridge, which conflict the archbishop lost after King Henry III of England sided with his justiciar.[1]

Grant then attempted to implement reforms in the clergy over the issue of pluralism and the employment of the clergy in the royal government. In pursuit of this aim, he journeyed to Rome to enlist the papacy's aid, but after a favourable reception at the Curia, he died on his return journey to England on 3 August 1231[1][5] in Italy.[6] He was buried in San Gemini in Umbria.[1]


1.       ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Lawrence "Grant, Richard (d. 1231)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

2.       ^ Jump up to: a b c Powell and Wallis House of Lords pp. 150–151

3.       Jump up ^ British History Online Chancellors of Lincoln accessed on 11 September 2007

4.       Jump up ^ Moorman Church Life in England in the Thirteenth Century p. 162

5.       ^ Jump up to: a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology 3rd ed. p. 233

6.       Jump up ^ Powell and Wallis House of Lords p. 157


Preceded by
Walter d'Eynsham
Succeeded by
Ralph Neville

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