Reformed Churchmen

We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at:

Sunday, December 14, 2014

December 1757-1761 A.D. Seraphem II—Constantinople’s 224th; Died at Mhar Monastery; Metropolitan of Philippopoulis

December 1757-1761 A.D.  Seraphem II—Constantinople’s 224th;  Died at Mhar Monastery;  Metropolitan of Philippopoulis

Seraphim II of Constantinople

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Serapheim II
22 July 1757
Term ended
26 March 1761
Personal details
1781 or 1782
Mhar Monastery
Previous post
Metropolitan of Philippoupolis

Serapheim II Anina (Greek: Σεραφεμ Β´) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1757 until 1761.


Serapheim II was born in Delvinë, southern Albania to Albanian[1] or Greek[2]parents in the late 17th century. Before he was elected as Patriarch of Constantinople on 22 July 1757 he was Metropolitan of Philippoupolis.[3]

As Patriarch in 1759 he introduces the feast of Saint Andrew on 30 November,[4]and in 1760 he gave the first permission to Cosmas of Aetolia to begin missionary tours in the villages of Thrace.[1]

In 1759 he invited Eugenios Voulgaris to head the reforms in the patriarchal academy and during his tenure in the academy influenced by Serapheim's pro-Russian ideals Voulgaris contributed to the reapproachment of the Russian Empire with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.[5][6] As a consequence Serapheim II was deposed on 26 March 1761 and exiled on Mount Athos,[3] and he was replaced by the Ottoman authorities with Joannicius III.

During the Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774 he supported the Russian Empire and the establishment of an Orthodox pro-Russian state in the Balkans and in 1769 he urged the Greek population to rebel against the Turks.[7] After the failure of the revolution, in 1776 he moved to Ukraine, where he died on 7 December 1779.[3] He was buried in the Mhar Monastery.


1.      ^ Jump up to:a b Nomikos, Michael (2000). Witnesses for Christ: Orthodox Christian neomartyrs of the Ottoman period, 1437-1860. St Vladimir's Seminary Press. p. 200. ISBN 0-88141-196-5.

3.      ^ Jump up to:a b c Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-4344-5876-6.

4.      Jump up^ Μ.Γ.Βαρβούνη (2006). Το Οικουμενικό Πατριαρχείο, εκδόσεις Χελάνδιον. Athens. p. 117. ISBN 960-87087-5-3.(Greek)

5.      Jump up^ Demaras, Konstantinos (1972). A history of modern Greek literature. SUNY Press. p. 136. ISBN 0-87395-071-2.

6.      Jump up^ Angold, Michael (2006). Eastern Christianity. Cambridge University Press. p. 204. ISBN 0-521-81113-9.

7.      Jump up^ "Σεραφεμ Β´". Ecumenical Patriarchate. Retrieved 19 June 2011.(Greek)

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