1862 - USS Monitor founders in a storm off Cape Hatteras, N.C. and is lost. Ordinary Seaman John Jones of USS Rhode Island is awarded the Medal of Honor for his conduct while rescuing crewmen during the night.
1941 - Adm. Chester W. Nimitz assumes command of U.S. Pacific Fleet.
1942 - USS Essex (CV 9), the first of a new class of aircraft carriers, is commissioned at Norfolk, Va. Her designation is changed to CVA 9 in October 1952 and eight years later Essex is converted to an anti-submarine warfare support aircraft carrier and redesignated CVS-9. In 1969, Essex is decommissioned and scrapped in 1975.
1943 - USS Greenling (SS 213) sinks Japanese transport Shoho Maru southeast of Ponape and evades counterattacks by submarine chaser Ch 30.