We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: http://www.amazon.com/Book-Common-Prayer-Biography-Religious/dp/0691154813/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1417814005&sr=8-1&keywords=jacobs+book+of+common+prayer. January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: http://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Cranmer-English-Reformation-1489-1556/dp/1592448658/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1420055574&sr=8-1&keywords=A.F.+Pollard+Cranmer. February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at: http://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Cranmer-Jasper-Ridley/dp/0198212879/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1422892154&sr=8-1&keywords=jasper+ridley+cranmer&pebp=1422892151110&peasin=198212879
Tuesday, January 26, 2010
J. I. Packer and Evangelical Future: The Impact of His Life and Thought
by Timothy George, Editor
Baker Academic, October 2009
253 pp., $15.99
When historians look back on the life of J. I. Packer, this volume may serve as a useful starting point. An accomplished group of contributors, including Timothy George, Alister McGrath, Chuck Colson, Mark Dever, and the late Richard John Neuhaus, come together in its pages to reflect on Packer's legacy. Their conclusion: the Anglican scholar should be seen fundamentally as a "theologizer," a "latter-day catechist," a Reformed prophet standing in the tradition of Irenaeus, Augustine, Calvin, Baxter, and Owen.
Most of the book's chapters were originally delivered at a 2006 Beeson Divinity School conference. According to Beeson dean Timothy George, who organized the conference and edited the resulting volume, "these essays present a mosaic of some major aspects of Packer's life and thought and also a prism through which we may learn something about the evangelical church—its opportunities, dangers, disciplines, and direction." The final chapter is a reflection and response from Packer himself.
Students of Packer's beloved Puritans may hear echoes of John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress throughout. Turning the pages feels rather like walking through the Interpreter's House, in fact, with each essay introducing a series of poignant theology lessons. Packer's interlocutors remind us of profound truths like coram Deo, the necessity of living life "before God's face"; also, that true theology is ultimately doxology.
Other areas of reflection include the following—all critical lessons for pilgrims bound for the Celestial City.
Concentrated Devotion. Packer eschews anthropocentrism in favor of an unapologetic "God-centered" approach to redemptive truth. In his view, only theocentrism fettered to inerrancy and canonical authority can provide pilgrims with the requisite posture for devotion. Furthermore, over and against dry and dusty approaches to doctrinal study, Packer consistently asserts that "it is vital to realize that truth is for people, and therefore, the pastoral function of theology is ultimately primary."
D. Bruce Hindmarsh describes Packer's habit of retrieving riches from the past for the purpose of renewing the present as "the Robin Hood character of [his] public ministry." Following the example of C. S. Lewis, who made an impression upon Packer during his days as a student at Oxford, this "retrieval and renewal" model rejects chronological snobbery in favor of timeless wisdom. Thus, during the same years that Catholic ressourcement theologians were digging into their past, Packer began raiding the castles of seventeenth-century Puritans, redistributing their riches to the impoverished masses of evangelicals. The wealth of Packer's redistribution is fully on display in an appendix containing a comprehensive bibliography of his written works, beginning in July of 1952.
Reformed Theology. The doctrines of grace are central to Packer's mind, beginning with his exegetical method, which is particularly sensitive to covenantal impulses in the canon. Accordingly, in Packer's view, "the Old Testament should be read through the hermeneutical spectacles that Paul (Romans and Galatians), Luke (Gospel and Acts), Matthew, and the writer to the Hebrews provide."
Applying this hermeneutic to discipleship, Packer says that "Reformed theology, which seems to me the soundest and profoundest that the world has yet seen, will give the most Christ-like shape to our Christian character." Whether in Knowing God or in his introduction to John Owen's The Death of Death in the Death of Christ, Packer intends that the Trinitarian shape, cruciform center, and grace-infused character of his writing not merely be read but also be savored, rehearsed, and absorbed.
Patience. Passion is necessary for Packer, but not at the expense of patience. Though it may be tempting to dash ahead in gospel service, the wise pilgrim first looks backwards with a serious and measured gaze, analyzing and evaluating patterns of divine revelation. This practice becomes a kind of theological truism—unless one has patiently waited upon the Lord in prayer and study, he or she is unlikely to manifest the glories of the next world.
Packer has lived out his revelation-analyzing ideal by teaching and participating in projects such as the English Standard Version (ESV) Translation Oversight Committee, which he has chaired since 1999. It may also explain his involvement in Anglican renewal efforts and in Evangelicals and Catholics Together (ECT). For Packer such projects are driven by an eschatological hope, a desire to see the end-time unity of the church more fully realized in the present.
Reflecting upon Jesus' prayer in John 17:20–23, Packer writes: "This prayer clearly entails the thought that God's one international family should seek to look and sound like one family by speaking and acting as such, and that means aiming at togetherness wherever togetherness can be achieved."
Living Faith. What would Packer say to Bunyan's Christian about Mr. Hopeless? He might offer a warm, personal explanation of the Bible's reliability, assuring Christian that because the text of Scripture is the revealed Word of God, inerrant from start to finish, it is altogether dependable. Packer asserts that only when the Bible is approached in such a way is there any proper context for obedient discipleship, a note he strikes in several of his books, particularly Truth and Power and God Has Spoken. The Bible's veracity and authority lead us to its central event, the Passion of Jesus Christ, and to our need to consistently preach it.
Of the preacher's craft, Packer says, "Never let his exposition of anything in Scripture get detached from, and so appear unrelated to, Calvary's cross and redemption that was wrought there." Thus, his books such as Keep in Step with the Spirit insist upon holiness. As Packer summarizes in this volume's closing chapter, "A life of repentance, good works, loyal obedience, and thankful praise God-ward is the true fruit and vital evidence of genuine faith."
So in summary, what legacy does J. I. Packer leave for the future of evangelicalism? A greater understanding, perhaps, of the relationship between Christian theology and doxology, humility, generosity, honesty, patience, vitality, and solidarity—all connected as only a great "theologizer" can.
Chris Castaldo serves as Pastor of Outreach at College Church in Wheaton and is author of Holy Ground: Walking with Jesus as a Former Catholic (Zondervan).
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J. I. Packer and Evangelical Future: The Impact of His Life and Thought and several of J. I. Packer's books are available at ChristianBook.com and other book retailers.
Earlier, Christopher Castaldo wrote about Catholics Coming Home.
J. I. Packer has written several articles for Christianity Today, including:
Count Your Surprises | The high spots of my life have been anything but expected. (March 14, 2008)
All Sins Are Not Equal | Question: Are all sins weighed equally, or is one more important than another? (December 28, 2004)
Wisdom in a Time of War | What Oswald Chambers and C.S. Lewis teach us about living through the long battle with terrorism. (January 7, 2002)
Good Question: Text Criticism and Inerrancy | How can I reconcile my belief in the inerrancy of Scripture with comments in Bible translations that state that a particular verse is not 'in better manuscripts'? (October 7, 2002)