Reformed Churchmen

We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at:

Thursday, January 8, 2015

January 1181-1084 A.D. Eustratius Garidas—Constantinople’s 106th; Uneducated & Weak

January 1181-1084 A.D.  Eustratius Garidas—Constantinople’s 106th;  Uneducated & Weak

Eustratius Garidas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eustratius Garidas (Greek: Εστράτιος Γαριδς), was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople between 1081 and 1084. A monk, he was elevated to the patriarchal throne through the influence of mother of the emeperor Alexios I, Anna Dalassene, to whom he had become an intimate advisor.[1] He was a eunuch.

Anna Comnena and other writers describe him as uneducated and of weak character.[2] Due to his illiteracy and apparent gullibility he was involved in the case of John Italus, whom his predecessor, Patriarch Cosmas I of Constantinople had condemned. Alexios had to take over the case against Italus as Eustratius, in his words,"rather dwelt at leisure and preferred peace and quiest to noisy throngs, and turned to God alone."[3]

During the war against the Normans, at the beginning of the reign of Alexios in 1081-1082, Garidas did not resist the expropriation of artworks and consecrated treasures of the capital's churches, destined to be melted for currency to pay the army of Alexios I. This lack of reistance was not forgiven by Leo of Chalcedon who sought to expel him from his throne, at one point also accusing him, without evidence, of diverting part of the appropriate treasure for his own use.[4] Finally accused of heresy, Eustratios was cleared by a commission of inquiry established by Alexios in 1084, but chose to abdicate.


  • Comnena, Anna. The Alexiad. New York: Penguin, 2003.
  • Hussey, J.M.. The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire. Oxford: University Press, 1986.


1.      Jump up^ Comnena, pp. 108-109.

2.      Jump up^ Buckler, p. 290.

3.      Jump up^ Buckler, p, 290, note 3.

4.      Jump up^ Hussey, p. 148.


Preceded by
Cosmas I

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