Reformed Churchmen

We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at:

Thursday, January 8, 2015

January 1143-1146 A.D. Michael II Kourkouas—Constantinople’s 110th; Bogomils

January 1143-1146 A.D.  Michael II Kourkouas—Constantinople’s 110th;  Bogomils

Michael II of Constantinople

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Michael II Kourkouas (Oxeites) (Greek: Μιχαήλ Β΄ Κουρκούας) was an Eastern Orthodox patriarch of Constantinople (July 1143 – March 1146).

In early 1143 Patriarch Leo and Emperor John II Komnenos died within a few months of each other, bringing a period of turbulence to the Byzantine Church.[1] John's appointed successor, his son Manuel I Komnenos arrived in Constantinople on June 27 1143, from Cilicia where his father had died.[2] In order to fully assure his position as emperor, Manuel needed to arrange his coronation. However, to do this he first needed to appoint a patriarch. His choice fell on the abbot of the monastery of Oxeia, Michael Kourkouas.[2] The coronation did not take place until November 28, 1143, because Michael threatened to resign for unknown reasons.[2]

During his reign Michael had to deal with the highly political trial of a monk called Niphon.[2] On February 22, 1144 Michael condemned Niphon for supporting two Cappadocian bishops who were accused of heresy and later found guilty of Bogomil practices.[1][2] This forbade orthodox believers from associating with him.[1] Michael II resigned in March 1146 to return to the monastery of Oxeia,[2] most likely because of disillusion with the emperor.[1]


1.      ^ Jump up to:a b c d Paul Magdalino. (2002). The Empire of Manuel I Komnenos, 1143-1180, Cambridge University Press, pp.276-277

2.      ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f Angold, Michael. Church and Society in Byzantium under the Comneni, 1081-1261. Cambridge University Press, 1995, p.78-79


Preceded by
Leo Styppeiotes
Succeeded by
Cosmas II Atticus

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