Reformed Churchmen

We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at:

Thursday, January 8, 2015

January 1111-1134 A.D. John IX Agapetus—Constantinople’s 108th; Expands Library

January 1111-1134 A.D.  John IX Agapetus—Constantinople’s 108th;  Expands Library


John IX of Constantinople

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John IX Agapetos or Hieromnemon (Greek: ωάννης Θ΄ γαπητός or ερομνήμων) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople between 1111 and 1134. John's nickname is because before his election to the Patriarchal throne he held the office of hieromnemon within the Patriarchate. He was the nephew of a prominent Metropolitan of Chalcedon.[1]

He was a cleric from within the scholarly, philosophical branch of the Church hierarchy, and had risen through the ranks of the patriarchal clergy.[2] He sought to reverse the secularising trend within the clergy by banning them from acting as advocates in civil courts. A lifelong scholar, he sought to reclaim the great, but dispersed, collection of books within the capital, as there was no central library. He made it a practice to acquire the book collections of deceased powerful men, and then had the patriarchal staff recopy them. His measures greatly expanded the range of titles held in the Great Church to which teachers were attached.[3]

Within religious matters, he pushed the trend of making the patriarchal clergy, rather than the monastic community, the authoritative voice of Orthodoxy.[4] He also convened a synod in Constantinople in 1117 which condemned the doctrine of Eustratius of Nicaea as Nestorian, despite the defence offered by the Patriarch.[5] During his patriarchate some efforts were made by Emperor Alexios I Komnenos to bridge the schism between the Orthodox and the Catholic Church but these failed, as Pope Pascal II in late 1112 pressed the demand that the Patriarch of Constantinople recognise the Pope's primacy over "all the churches of God throughout the world". This was something the patriarch could not do in face of opposition from the majority of secular clergy, the monastic world, and the laity.[6]


  • Hussey, J.M.. The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire. Oxford: University Press, 1986.
  • Magdalino, Paul. The Empire of Manuel Komnenos. Cambridge: University Press, 1993.


1.      Jump up^ Magdalino, p. 275.

2.      Jump up^ Magdalino, p. 275.

3.      Jump up^ Magdalino, p. 323-325.

4.      Jump up^ Magdalino, p. 306.

5.      Jump up^ Hussey, p. 151.

6.      Jump up^ Hussey, pp. 170-171.


Preceded by
Nicholas II
Succeeded by
Leo Stypes

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