Reformed Churchmen

We are Confessional Calvinists and a Prayer Book Church-people. In 2012, we remembered the 350th anniversary of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer; also, we remembered the 450th anniversary of John Jewel's sober, scholarly, and Reformed "An Apology of the Church of England." In 2013, we remembered the publication of the "Heidelberg Catechism" and the influence of Reformed theologians in England, including Heinrich Bullinger's Decades. For 2014: Tyndale's NT translation. For 2015, John Roger, Rowland Taylor and Bishop John Hooper's martyrdom, burned at the stakes. Books of the month. December 2014: Alan Jacob's "Book of Common Prayer" at: January 2015: A.F. Pollard's "Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation: 1489-1556" at: February 2015: Jaspar Ridley's "Thomas Cranmer" at:

Saturday, January 10, 2015

10 January 1135 A.D. Calder Abbey, Calderbridge, Cumbria—Founded by Savignac Monks and Ranulf Meschin; Establishment Ruined & Transferred to Hood, 1138; Cistercian Monks, 17 Sept 1147; Dissolved 1536

10 January 1135 A.D. Calder Abbey, Calderbridge, Cumbria—Founded by Savignac Monks and Ranulf Meschin;  Establishment Ruined & Transferred to Hood, 1138;  Cistercian Monks, 17 Sept 1147;  Dissolved 1536;  Granted to Thomas Leigh 1538;  Currently in Private Hands;  No Public Access;  Diocese of York

No author. “Cistercian Abbeys: CALDER.”  The Cistercians in Yorkshire.  N.d.  Accessed 27 Nov 2014.


Cistercian Abbeys: CALDER

Name: CALDER Location: Calder Bridge County: Cumbria
Foundation: 1135 Mother house: Furness
Relocation: (resettlement) 1143 Founder: Ranulf II (de Gernon), earl of Chester
Dissolution: 1536 Prominent members: 
Access: Private property – no access

Calder Abbey presbytery and south transept
Calder Abbey presbytery and south transept

Calder was established in 1135 by Ranulf de Gernon, earl of Chester, and is the third house in the county which owes its origin to this famous family.(1) The house was colonised by monks from the Savigniac house of Furness but was the victim of the Scottish military campaigns in the north of England, following the death of Henry I in 1135. The desolate monks sought refuge at Furness but were refused entry. Eventually the monks of Calder, under the protection of Thurstan, archbishop of York, were settled at Byland.
A second colony of monks was sent to Calder from Furness in or about 1143, under the leadership of Abbot Hardred. This time the settlement was successful, although the community remained poor.
(2) Calder, along with all the other Savigniac houses, was transferred to the Cistercian Order in 1147. The number of monks probably never increased above the original thirteen, and by 1381 there were only four monks and three lay-brothers.(3)

The house was suppressed along with all the lesser monasteries in 1536, with a clear annual income just over £50, and a community of nine monks.(4) At the time of the Dissolution, the house was acquired by the royal commissioner, Thomas Leigh, and parts of the house were adapted for occupation.(5) The remains include part of the tower, now some 64 ft high, and the west doorway, with some of the chancel and transept; they are, however, unsafe and have to be viewed from the road or footpath. 
The ruins stand in the grounds of an eighteenth-century private house, and may be visited by prior arrangement with the owner. 

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